Sandeep Kumar

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Improve Your Car’s Fuel Efficiency

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on May 20, 2011

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It’s really exasperating to see fuel prices skyrocketing, right? We can only feel helpless in the face of recurring and economy-driven price fluctuations. Seeking measures to improve fuel economy is the only way to combat rising fuel prices. Do not disregard these simple guidelines; each little step can really start adding up to significant savings to your budget.

Check Tyre Pressure

Keeping the tyres well inflated is one of the simplest things you can do to help improve your car’s fuel efficiency. You can improve the mileage by about 3.3 percent if you keep your tyres inflated properly, according to the DOE.

Lighten Your Load

Empty out your boot of unnecessary items. For every extra 45 kg you carry, your fuel efficiency can drop by 1-2% in a typical vehicle.

S-L-O-W D-O-W-N

The faster you drive, the more fuel you use. Driving within the speed limit recommended by the manufacturer helps save fuel. Driving just 5mph over the speed limit can affect fuel economy by up to 23%. Likewise, quick acceleration consumes too much fuel; accelerate slowly and gradually.

Do Fuel Quality/Types/Additives Help Mileage?

Petrol pump attendants often try to convince you to go for ‘Speed petrol’ or ‘X-tra Mile diesel’. But this need not necessarily help improve your vehicle’s fuel efficiency. Always use the grade recommended for the vehicle by the manufacturer. Higher octane fuel may not only be a waste of money but may harm the vehicle, as well. However sticking to one brand of fuel is always good for the engine. Know more about Octane Ratings

Tune Your Engine

A well-tuned engine can improve fuel economy by up to 4%. So change your oil and follow your car manufacturer’s recommendation on servicing.

Clean the Air Filters Regularly

Air filters keep impurities from damaging your engine. Replacing a clogged air filter can improve fuel economy by as much as 10%.

Keep the Windows Closed

Driving with your windows open considerably reduces mileage, far more than keeping the AC on while driving along highways. So preferably keep the windows closed and the AC on if you want to keep cool. Of course the air-conditioning decreases fuel efficiency considerably, so use it judiciously. Windows down or A/C on — which is more fuel-efficient?

Clean Spark Plugs

Ensure your spark plugs are in good condition. Renew the plugs and wires at intervals specified by the manufacturer. This will keep all cylinders firing properly resulting in higher efficiency.

Don’t Be a Clutch-Driver

Never keep your foot on the clutch while driving. When you do this, pressure is being placed on your clutch, and it not only reduces mileage, but also wears out the clutch plate, replacing which is not cheap.

Keep the Car in Showroom Condition

It’s always prudent to keep the car in the showroom condition. Remember that any modification to the car, such as broad tyres, diffusers etc., will adversely affect the mileage.

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Why Alcohol Makes You Fat?

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on December 12, 2010

First of all, it is necessary for anyone concerned about the connection between alcohol and extra body weight to accept the fact that alcohol intake can contribute to making us fat. It’s a fact of life that can only be eliminated by taking alcohol from our lives altogether.

alcohol-makes-you-fatIt’s possible to control the weight gain and the additional body fat with exercise and a healthy diet. But drinking alcoholic beverages will make the “battle of the bulge” more difficult. Why, you may ask?

The primary reason is that the alcoholic drinks we consume have a lot of sugar in them. This increases our overall calorie intake. In addition, sugar turns to fat more quickly than some other edible items. This quick-forming fat stays with us in the belly area, as well as on the hips and this. Some people have found that the extra fat appears on the underside of the arms as well.

Each person reacts differently to this sugar/fat connection, so the extra weight won’t always appear on the belly. It’s certainly common enough for people to believe that drinking beer and liquor give us a “beer belly.” This isn’t always true, but it happens often enough to make it an issue. One of the reasons is that the male of the human species naturally tends to add body fat in the belly area. Men who consume alcohol regularly are almost ensuring that the amount of fat on their bellies will increase. Women however gather their extra fat in and around the hips and upper thighs. So, women who consume alcohol may see extra weight in those areas.

One of the scientific facts (frustrating for drinkers) is that the sugar and calorie factor in alcohol is there even though drinking such beverages doesn’t stop us from being hungry. Therefore, any drinking we do adds sugar and calories in addition to what we get from eating. We may feel “full” for awhile after drinking but our bodies will still signal us that it is time to eat.

The key to solving this alcohol/fat problem is to drink less alcohol. Keeping the intake of alcoholic beverages to a minimum will help control that extra body fat. A general guideline states that enjoying one or two drinks during the day probably won’t create a fat problem. Drinking too much alcohol certainly will add extra fat weight to the body.

People who need to be on a restricted-calorie diet should definitely pay attention to the amount of alcohol they drink. What happens with alcohol does not happen with food that is eaten. The calories in alcohol go directly to the rest of the body because alcohol passes on to the body without being digested as food is. Since it goes immediately to the body it needs to be used up or burned by activity immediately. Otherwise it will settle into the parts of the body that are natural fat storehouses for each individual. Alcohol is an immediate energy source for the body but in a short time it becomes a source of extra fat.

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How to Get Rid of Double Chin?

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on December 10, 2010

People who want to lose weight can focus on a lot of different parts of the body. In recent years, trainers and celebrities have produced dozens of programs for weight loss and weight reduction. These often concentrate on the waist, the hips, the abs or some other part of the human anatomy.

Few plans look closely at the double chin, which is simply a deposit of extra fat that is unsightly and uncomfortable. Some people develop a double chin as they age because they inherited the tendency from parents and grandparents. Simply put, double chin can be hereditary. Others might see a double chin appearing gradually as they gain weight over the entire body.

Exercise, Concentrate
Of course, you might be able to reduce or eliminate that double chin by following a general weight-loss program. With proper diet and proper exercise you might be able to lose extra pounds and eliminate that heavy deposit under your chin. Information about losing a double chin often begins with the simple idea of eating a bit less, every day. Over a period of time your body will use the extra fat or eliminate it. Your double chin may well disappear along with extra weight from other places.

You can also reduce your double chin or get rid of it altogether with specific exercises for this section of the body. There is one muscle in this area that should be exercised as part of any program to lose a double chin. The muscle has the unlikely name “platysma.” If you open your mouth as widely as you can, stretch the lower lip and stretch the jaw, you may be able to tighten the chin area.

Attacking the Double Chin
Get Rid of Double ChinSome people resort to liposuction to remove a double chin. This method has been used for years. Doctors simple suck the fat from under the skin. However, this method is not completely free of problems. In addition, you might pay a lot of money to have fat taken from under the chin and then see the same condition develop in a matter of months. If you don’t change your eating and exercising habits the “fix” will be temporary. If medical procedures are on list of options, talk with your doctor about a chin-wrap process.

You may be better off using some of the suggested exercises for sagging facial muscles. A combination of diet, physical exercise, chin-and-jaw exercises and gentle massage can go a long way toward eliminating the double chin. Put some pressure on the muscles of the chin and massage them a few times each day. Change your hand position occasionally to get the maximum effect.

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How To Get Rid Of Overeating?

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on December 8, 2010

It is tempting to just say: Get rid of overeating by eating less. For some of us this may be possible. For others, eating less may be the most difficult thing they ever do. In the past, people who ate a lot and became obese were thought to be gluttons. But most of the time they weren’t looked upon as people with a serious problem.

In recent years, overeating has joined a few other maladies as serious issues. The list includes anorexia and bulimia. These are eating disorders, yes, but they are now considered behavioral /psychological disorders. Eating far too much or far too little may well be a symptom of other issues that should be addressed.

The Factors
The ingredients in the mix that is overeating include triggers from the brain, chemistry within the body, emotional problems and issues with social contacts. If some or all of these work in combination we may overeat as a way to compensate or self-medicate.

OvereatingWe can get rid of some instances of overeating by changing our habits. For example, some people feel that they must eat a snack at certain times. If we can change our habit so that, when this time arrives, we focus on something other than food we gradually turn to the new activity. Overeating is often triggered by starting with sugar-filled pastries or similar foods. If we can avoid sweets and foods that are high in carbohydrates we might be able to eliminate some or all of our overeating episodes.

If you normally take lunch or snacks to work with you, start substituting different types of food immediately. Rather than taking candy bars, pastries and other sweets, eliminate the dessert item. Take fruit instead. This will help curb the urge to eat more and more.

Treatment Needed
Though we can go a long way toward eliminating some of the overeating issues we face, there are times when the emotional and mental situation is so deeply ingrained we need help. First of all we have to address the emotional factors. Changing our daily habits is just one small part of this. In addition to having our meals in one place every day and substituting vegetables and fruit for sweets and snacks, we also need to eat more slowly, so that the activity of eating is not so compulsive. Instead, it satisfies a real need for fuel.

We should also eliminate the types of food that contribute to overeating. For instance, we could no longer keep chips, candy, cookies etc. in the home. We need to get rid of the things that tempt us. When the time comes for a “snack” we substitute other, healthier foods in small portions or have no snack at all.

To get rid of overeating, we may need to set small objectives or goals. Eat one less snack food each day and increase this gradually. We may need to change our shopping habits. Go the grocery store right after a regular meal. Shop when you are not hungry. Finally, find others who are struggling with the same problem and join a support group.

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How To Get Rid Of Neck Fat?

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on December 7, 2010

There are good diet plans and exercise programs for getting rid of extra weight, no matter where it is on the body. We all know about using nutrition and aerobic exercise to get rid of fat around the midsection or on the hips. But what about losing that extra, unsightly fat around the neck and in that general area?

Don’t think this is going to be easy or quick. Neck fat may be a “smaller” problem but it may still contribute to health problems and to embarrassment or insecurity when we go out in public. You’ll have to start a good fat-loss program and stick with it, just as you would any other weight-loss or lifestyle plan. *Before we look at some tips and techniques, you may want to talk with your doctor about neck fat to make sure your extra fat in that area is not the result of an illness or other health condition.

Set Your Mind
As with any weight-loss program or change in lifestyle or habits, you should set your mind on your goal. Be patient and be a bit stubborn. Make sure you believe you can achieve what you want. Give the fat-loss plan some time every day and set a realistic goal for loss each week, month etc.

Neck FatStart exercising. This doesn’t mean just walking slowly from one end of the house to another. You need to get the heart working and get the blood circulating. This is the way to burn the calories you take in with your food and drink. There are a number of different programs designed for “cardio” workouts. Talk with friends and family members, your doctor or an exercise/workout professional to find the right one for you.

It’s the Neck!
Focus on neck movements, such as gently tilting the neck from side to side and from front to back. Do this for a few minutes two or three times each day. Be sure to continue this easy exercise even after you start to see neck fat disappearing. Add neck rotation but do it gently and slowly. Move your head and neck in small circles and widen the circular movement gradually. Do it again with rotations in the opposite direction. Do this at two or three different times each day, for a couple of minutes.

In addition to neck exercises and cardio exercises, make a few changes in your diet. Add fruits and vegetables, and plenty of water. Drink fruit juices that are unsweetened rather than alcoholic beverages or soft drinks. Cut down on pastries and foods high in sugar. This should help you lose body fat in other places as well.

Finally, exercise your jaw and chin with sugarless gum or mimic chewing several times a day. This should help tighten skin around the neck and jaw. Drink plenty of water to help wash away the toxins in your body. Losing neck fat requires patience and focus, just like any other weight loss program.

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Audi Q7 Now In India

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on November 27, 2010

Elegance, power and taste come together to make Audi Q7. The vehicle offers a spacious and stylish interior, and, at the same time, almost unlimited driving pleasure. Audi Q7 is available with petrol and diesel options, and equipped with the modern technological features. Offering a four-wheel elegant drive, it has high flanks, the dynamic line, the powerful shoulder section and the coupe-style roofline imparting a muscular and elegant feel to Audi Q7. Audi Q7 emissions meet international level environmental norms.

Audi Q7

Design and Interior
Appearance of the car is magnificent with a single-framed large radiator grille being the dominant feature of the frontage. The curved headlamps holding xenon lights add to the lively appeal of the SUV. In the rear end, the car gets a distinctly designed tail lights cluster. Sunroof is available as an optional feature. The sporty appearance of the car is enhanced by contrasting bumpers.

Audi Q7 is imposing exterior and luxurious interior. The seats can be adjusted in a number of ways, according to the comfort level of the passenger. The Audi Q7 V12 TDI has a wheelbase of 3,002 mm. It offers a high degree of spatial comfort and can easily accommodate up to seven people on three rows of seats.

Variants and Price
Three available variants of Audi Q7 SUV are 3.0 TDI (diesel), 3.6 FSI (petrol) and 4.2 FSI (petrol). The diesel variant is priced at Rs 52 lakh (approx), while the petrol models – 3.6 FSI and 4.2 FSI come with a price tag of Rs 55 lakh (approx) and Rs 66 lakh (approx).

Engine

* CRDI diesel engine delivers a power of 233 PS @ 4000 rpm and a torque of 500 Nm @ 1750 rpm.
* The petrol variant – 3.6 FSI – is powered by a Quattro engine, which churns out a maximum output of 280 PS @ 6200 rpm and a torque of 360 Nm @ 2500 rpm.
* The Q7 4.2 FSI model is powered by a gasoline engine, which produces a power of 350 PS @ 6800 rpm and a torque of 440 Nm @ 3500 rpm.

Safety
All Audi Q7 models have safety features like Antilock Braking System (ABS) and Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD). The car also includes Speed-sensitive Steering, Electronic Differential Lock (EDL), Electronic Stability Program (ESP) – with traction control and tyre pressure monitor.

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It’s Toyota Land Cruiser Prado

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on November 26, 2010

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado made its appearance on the Indian roads in 2005. The Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV) offers unmatched comfort. The all-terrain automobile is an absolute powerhouse that can go to any extreme. Land Cruiser Prado truly rules the road and is a real head-turner. A never-felt-before degree of enthrallment is guaranteed by the SUV. It reduces all the efforts usually taken to control a vehicle on gushing streams and rushing traffic. Land Cruiser Prado, in fact, acquires full control over the situation, once it is sets on trail.

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado

Engine
Under the hood of Toyota Land Cruiser lies a powerful DOHC VVT-i, 24-valve engine that churns out a mind-blowing power of 235 PS @ 5200rpm and torque of 362Nm @ 3800rpm. Prado’s all time Four Wheel Drive (4WD) offers power packed performance on all road conditions.

Design And Comfort
The stunning looks of Toyota Land Cruiser Prado set the pulse racing! Its frontage, with dynamic headlamps and muscular front grille, contributes to its captivating appearance. In the rear is the tail lamps cluster, which further accentuates the exteriors. The cabin of the SUV is tactfully designed to offer an unmatched level of comfort to the passengers. The cushioned seats of Land Cruiser Prado, equipped with good under-thigh support, are extremely relaxing. Its dual-zone air conditioner ensures that the occupants enjoy a cool ride in the car, allowing them to maintain their preferred cabin temperature. The SUV promises a comfortable ride to as many as eight occupants.

Interiors
The breath-taking interiors of Toyota Land Cruiser Prado are crafted with finest materials, for exceptional comfort. The steering wheel has been given a beautiful finishing touch, with audio controls mounted on it. With the latest model of audio system – 6 CD-changer with ASL (Auto Sound Leveliser), Land Cruiser Prado assures a pleasant and fun ride. Small storage areas are cleverly positioned within the cabin of the SUV.

Ride And Handling
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is equipped with a unique Torsen LSD (Limited Slip Differential) which distributes appropriate power between the front and rear wheel, according to the driving conditions. This provides excellent riding stability, control and traction, especially at increasing speeds. The five-speed automatic transmission offers smooth shifting, for excellent performance and good fuel efficiency. Toyota Land Cruiser Prado seems to be massive, but is lightweight. It offers a smooth navigation through roads and is surprisingly silent.

Safety
Advanced safety features make Toyota Land Cruiser Prado safe and comfortable even in the extreme conditions. Front and rear crumple zones of the cabin absorb impact energy in the event of collisions. Apart from this, the SUV is equipped with dual front SRS airbags, Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) and Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension (TEMS). Optimum distribution of braking force is provided by Electronic Brake Force Distribution.

Variants, Price And Color
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado VX Automatic is available in five colors – Black, Beige Metallic, Dark Red Mica, Silver Metallic and White. The impressive SUV is worth Rs 37.5 lakh (approx).

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Welcome To India Bentley Continental GT

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on November 25, 2010

Bentley-Continental-GT
The 2011 Bentley Continental GT is just the second generation of the blockbuster coupe that rumbled ashore eight years ago. And frankly, this new one looks a lot like that ancient one, but Bentley would have us believe that this is actually a completely new car. Outside, the bodywork gets all kinds of massaging: prominent front fender lines that roll over the headlights and into the more-upright grille, a more pronounced grille treatment that asserts itself into the lower intake, LED running lamps surrounding the main headlight elements, a double-horseshoe rear-end treatment inspired by the Mulsanne and taillights that curl into the rear fenders. For a start…

More substantively, the 2011 Conti gets a boost in horsepower from its 6.0-liter twin-turbo W12 engine, hitting 567 horsepower and 516 pound-feet. The engine swipes a page from the Continental Supersports playbook and gains flex-fuel capability, accepting any combination of gasoline and E85. To keep you in touch with that power, Bentley’s six-speed Quickshift transmission swaps cogs more quickly and does double downshifts. To keep that power in the right place, the rear track is wider, front-to-rear bias of the all-wheel-drive system is now 40/60 front-to-rear, and the coefficient of drag has been reduced to 0.33. 0-60 mph? 4.4 seconds? Top speed? 198 mph.

As of next year, the nominally eco-conscious will be able to get their Continental GT with a 4.0-liter V8. Numbers haven’t been released yet, but you can expect it to register high on the horse and torque while getting significantly better gas mileage than its big brother.

For Crewe’s design and engineering teams, the new Continental GT coupe is an opportunity to set a bold and exciting direction for one of Bentley’s most revered names – the Continental. The seminal and highly successful Continental GT introduced in 2003 represented the first step in Bentley’s renaissance and defined a whole new market segment. It was a luxury GT offering excellent usability that remained true to the Bentley grand touring spirit.

Now the new Continental GT 4-seat coupe builds on the success of its iconic predecessor, capturing that GT spirit but with even higher standards of design, engineering, luxury, craftsmanship, dynamic performance, everyday practicality and refinement.

A beautifully sculptured new body gives the GT coupe an even crisper, more defined appearance. The contemporary interior offers new levels of cabin design, comfort and hand-crafted luxury. The seats, for example, provide even greater support and rear leg-room; a sweeping dashboard even more style and modernity. The new touchscreen infotainment system features state-of-the-art navigation, Google Maps and entertainment while the latest Balanced Mode Radiator speaker technology and Dirac Dimensions™ digital sound processing deliver enhanced audio quality.

Bentley’s acclaimed 6-litre, 12-cylinder, twin-turbocharged powertrain now has a raised power output of 575PS (567bhp/423kW) and 700Nm (516lb ft) of torque and this is mated to a new Quickshift transmission which enables double downshifts. Thanks to advanced FlexFuel technology it can also run on both standard unleaded petrol (gasoline) and sustainable bioethanol (up to E85) or any mix of the two.

In late 2011 an all-new, high-output 8-cylinder engine will also be available to order. This advanced power unit will deliver a 40 percent reduction in emissions compared with the W12 engine and will offer a class-leading CO2 emissions-to-power ratio with Bentley levels of performance and refinement.

Both engines are coupled to an all-wheel drive system with a sporty 40:60 rear-torque bias (compared with the 50:50 bias of the original Continental GT), minimising understeer during hard cornering and allowing the experienced driver to control the car’s line and balance via precise throttle control.

“The new Continental GT is an automotive work of art, with superb craftsmanship and elegant, contemporary design. It drives like a supercar, but without the usual sacrifices in ride or practicality. It is a car that you can enjoy every moment of every day.”
– Dr Franz-Josef Paefgen, Chairman and Chief Executive.

THE NEW CONTINENTAL GT COUPE – AT A GLANCE
Sculptured exterior design

* Advanced production techniques such as aluminium Super Forming (front wings and boot lid) allow for a more sculpted body and sharp ‘power lines’
* Unique jewelled headlamps with LED daytime-running lights
* More upright matrix radiator grille and new ‘double horseshoe’ rear profile first shown on the flagship Bentley Mulsanne

Contemporary, hand-crafted cabin

* New interior with a bold, sweeping dashboard and instrument panel finished in premium, soft-touch leather hides
* Distinctive ‘cobra’-design seats for added comfort and enhanced rear cabin space
* A new touchscreen, 30GB infotainment system introduces advanced satellite navigation with dynamic route guidance, seven-digit postcode entry and Google Map compatibility (market specific)
* Audio systems feature the latest wide frequency Balance Mode Radiator speakers as standard
* Revolutionary Dirac Dimensions™ DSP for exceptional sound reproduction (Naim for Bentley premium audio).

More powerful W12 and new high-efficiency V8 FlexFuel engines

* 6-litre W12 engine twin-turbocharged engine produces 575PS (567bhp/423kW) and 700Nm (516lb ft) of torque.
* 0 – 60mph in 4.4 seconds (0-100km/h in 4.6 seconds)
* 0 -100mph in 10.2 seconds (0-160km/h in 10.2 seconds)
* Top speed of 198mph (318km/h)
* Overall weight saving of 65kg (143lb) versus predecessor
* New high-output, high-efficiency V8 engine due for release in late 2011.

Dynamic Bentley driving experience

* ZF 6HP28 transmission with ‘Quickshift’ system that cuts shift times by 50% and enables double downshifts
* New 40:60 rear-biased torque split for the all-wheel drive system reduces understeer when powering out of bends and provides for better modulation of line and attitude by ‘throttle steering’
* Increased front and rear track improves grip and stability
* Advanced ESC system fully exploits the potential of the more powerful W12 engine and improved chassis
* 20″ and (optional) 21″ wheels

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India’s Most Expensive Car: Bugatti Veyron

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on October 28, 2010

Bugatti Veyron

The benchmark for luxury cars in the country just got higher with Volkswagen Group company Bugatti Automobiles today launching its super premium sports car ‘Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport’, with price starting at Rs 16 crore, the most expensive car to hit the Indian roads.

“Bugatti has been doing well in America, Europe and the Middle East. Now we see India as an emerging market for us, hence we have decided to bring the car to India,” Bugatti Automobiles Sales Market Manager (Middle East, Europe and India) Guy Caquelin told reporters here.

The Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport, priced at Rs 16 crore onwards, will be distributed by the company’s Indian dealer Exclusive Motors. So far, the most expensive cars in India have been the Rolls Royce Phantom and the Maybach, which are priced around Rs 5 crore.

“The price of the car will be subject to foreign exchange fluctuation and the levels of customisation that a buyer demands,” Exclusive Motors Managing Director Satya Bagla said.

He, however, said that with the Indian luxury car market growing at about 25 per cent there is an opportunity for such expensive cars.

“The Bugatti Veyron is four times more expensive than what’s being sold in the India. So we are currently testing the customer response,” Bagla said, when asked if there has been any order for the car.

He said delivery would take about 6-8 months from the date of order.

Caquelin said Bugatti is aiming between 60 and 80 units of the car to be sold across the globe this year and there have been queries from 3 to 4 Indians globally.

The company claims that the Bugatti Veyron is also the fastest car on production that is allowed to drive on normal roads in the world with a top speed of 407 km/hour with an acceleration of 0-100km/hour in 2.7 seconds.

The car, which uses components made of special materials like titanium, carbon fibre and magnesium is powered by an 8 litre engine with 16 cylinders and is assembled by hand at the company’s hand headquarters Molsheim in France.

News From Yahoo.com

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What Is Swine Flu?

Posted by Sandeep Kumar on September 1, 2010

Health experts, doctors and researchers have not only heard of and identified swine flu, they continue to work on preventing and treating this form of influenza. Known by the virus-identifier H1N1, swine flu is causing illness in human beings.

First identified in United States residents in April of 2009, the virus is spreading around the world. The movement of H1N1 has occurred at such an alarming rate that the World Health Organization quickly declared the influenza experience was a pandemic.

Some confusion has resulted from associating H1N1 with the term swine flu. The virus that is making people sick is similar to viruses that usually are found in pigs. But there are major differences between the two, human and swine.

Swine FluAccording to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) most of the people who contract swine flu recover without the assistance of doctors or other medical personnel. According to CDC, “Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing by people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something – such as a surface or object – with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.”

Swine flu or H1N1 symptoms include body aches, chills, fatigue, cough, fever, runny nose and most of the common influenza symptoms. While many normally healthy people get over this flu without serious complications, there have been severe illnesses, even death, in some individuals. Almost all medical information about H1N1 includes warnings for older people (over 65), the very young (under 5) and for those who have a serious chronic medical condition that weakens the system. People in the high-risk category include the pregnant, those with diabetes and heart disease and so on.

One of the problems with new influenza viruses such as swine flu is that medical personnel don’t have good information about when it occurs, how long it lasts etc. With more common flu viruses that society has dealt with for years there is plenty of information about when to expect them and how to deal with them.

Records indicate that with more common flu viruses, 90 percent of the people who become seriously ill or die are over 65. A few months of study in 2009 shows that H1N1 flu “has caused greater disease burden in people younger than 25 years of age than older people.” (CDC report).

Studies have also shown that those who have swine flu may infect others from about one day before illness to approximately 7 days after.

Vaccines have been developed for H1N1 and the medical community continues to feel this is the best, level-one preventive measure. But people can help limit the spread of H1N1 by carefully covering the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing. Careful washing of hands may also help. The CDC “recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone, except to go to a medical expert or for absolute emergencies. Avoiding those already ill and avoiding crowds when can be strong preventive measures.

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